Federico Makabenta (yenm@iconn.com.ph)
Sat, 17 Feb 2001 19:02:35 +0800

It's General Artemio Ricarte.

The Philippines' first Armed Forces Chief of Staff. During Emilio
Aguinaldo's Revolutionary Government. Subsequently exiled along with
Aguinaldo to Hong Kong and he decided not to sign the compromise offered by
the Americans to him and his cohorts there to accept American rule in the
Philippines. His cohorts were able to come back to help govern the nation -
many of whom got positions in the colonial government. (My great grandfather
was a high-ranking revolutionary officer became the 1st congressman of the
1st district of Leyte province.) He decided to stay in Hong Kong.

Left Hong Kong after a harassment effort made by the Americans during his
stay there and he ended up going to Japan.

Spent nearly 40 years in Japan exclusively before returning to the
Philippines in 1941 during the invasion. He led a cadre of Filipino elite
soldiers under the Japanese government to hunt down the rebel elements that
have remained loyal to the Americans. He died in 1944 in the field due
presumably to sickness.

Though anti-Japanese sentiment persevered in the Philippines after the
liberation government took over. Almost all Filipino officials were absolved
of cooperating with the Japanese government. Artemio Ricarte is generally
considered one of the heroes of the Revolution by most historians after -
even though he sided with the Japanese.

Hehe, you guys just touched on one of my future book projects on hold. It's
nice to know people over there know a bit of our Philippine history as well.


----- Original Message -----
From: Charlie Hetherington <p_chan5@hotmail.com>
To: <gundam@aeug.org>
Sent: Saturday, February 17, 2001 3:57 AM
Subject: Re: [gundam] Next PG

> No, the guys i'm talking about is not American. He's a Filipino as well.
> -Charlie
> >From: "Richie Ramos" <gaijin@i-manila.com.ph>
> >Reply-To: gundam@aeug.org
> >To: <gundam@aeug.org>
> >Subject: Re: [gundam] Next PG
> >Date: Fri, 16 Feb 2001 12:24:50 +0800
> >
> > > USA!!! USA!!! USA!!! USA!!!
> > > Just kidding. I'm actually one of those few American people that is
> >ashamed
> > > of the American status in the rest of the world. But, I'm
> > > only...[*counts*]...one man, what can i do?
> > > Out of curiosity Richie, how do Filipinos feel about that one guy who
> >helped
> > > America during America's Imperialism stage, but then turned around and
> > > helped the Japanese during WWII? His name escapes me right now, but
> > > been wondering for quite sometime.
> > > -Charlie
> >
> >Hmmm. If you're talking about General MacArthur, then he was the
> >showman and military man...he actually wanted to go all the way to Japan
> >(with a tens of thousands of American Soldiers and other allies)
> >but, well, The Manhattan Project solved that problem. He is viewed with
> >mixed attitude, in the sense that he was an honorable man who really did
> >love the Philippines as a place, but he was also a reminder of how deeply
> >entrenched the American as Big Brother vision was in our culture. up to
> >now, we have that in our mass culture, this dichotomy of East and West --
> >which is the reason why they test run anime shows and merchandise here
> >before they do in America.
> >
> >On the Other hand, you could also be talking about Marshall (first name
> >escapes me at the moment), who created the Marshall Plan for
> >Japan and the Philippines. While the Marshall Plan wwas brilliant in
> >concept, in practice, it became a transmitter of American Culture, to the
> >point of erasing or blurring the original cultural template for a
> >particular
> >people. Supposedly, the Marshall Plan was an aid and development plan to
> >help smaller countries ravaged by war to get up again, in exchange for
> >trade
> >concessions and a few other things (like bases and political clout).
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >-
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