-Z- (Z@Gundam.Com)
Tue, 22 Jun 1999 19:20:38 -0700


At 23:57 6/21/1999 -0400, you wrote:
>In a message dated 6/21/99 8:24:24 PM Mountain Daylight Time, Z@Gundam.Com
>writes:
>
>> The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC to replace the
>> lunar calendar. The Julian calendar provided for a year of 365 days with a
>> leap year every 4 years, or an average year length of 365.25 days. Because
>> the solar year is slightly shorter, the Julian calendar gradually moved out
>> of phase with the seasons, forcing the reform instituted with the Gregorian
>> calendar. The Julian calendar begins at 4713 BC and is still in use:
>> astronomical dates are given as the number of Sidereal days (measured from
>> zenith [noon] to zenith and running 23 hours, 56 minutes, 45 seconds each)
>> elapsed since noon, 4713 BC.
>>
>> Today, 22 June 1999 UTC (GMT), is Julian Day 2,451,351….
>>
>> -Z
>
>Great work with this, but don't you mean 713 BC instead of 4713 BC? Because
>Rome was founded in 713 BC, not 4,000 years earlier. By the way, since Julius
>Caesar only predates Christ by a few decades (or is it more? Was in the
>census of Augustus or Nero that Christ was born during?), then the Julian
>calendar would have started around 690 BC. Which should put the Julian Day at
>around 990,558, or there about.

The kings of the regal period that supposedly began with Romulus ruled from
753 BC to 510 BC, when the seventh and last king, the tyrannical Lucius
Tarquinius Superbus, was overthrown and banished. Thence came the Republic
and Empire.

The Julian Day is as reported -- ask any astronomer and you'll get the same
number. As can be determined by dividing by 365.25 days, the current
Julian Day accounts for a period of 6,711 years, 5 months and 6 days.
Subtract the 1,999 years, 5 months and 22 days of the Gregorian calendar
(disregarding the aforementioned clerical error) from this period and you
get a date 4,713 years before that -- QED.

The Julian calendar was based not on the founding of Rome by Romulus, but
on the creation of the world by Saturn, which was reckoned to be some 4,500
years before the birth of Gaius Julius, who lived from 100 BC to 15 March
44 BC, just two years after the adoption of the calendar that bears his name.

>Food for thought, anyway.

Especially for the *calculating* intellect….

-Z-

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